Comprehensive Guide to General Dentistry: Everything You Need to Know


Good oral hygiene is essential to maintaining overall health. For this reason, regular dental checkups with a general dentist are recommended to keep your teeth and gums healthy. In this comprehensive guide, we will cover everything you need to know about general dentistry, including what it is, why it’s important, common treatments, how to choose a dentist, and more.

general dentistry

What is General Dentistry?

General dentistry is the branch of dentistry that focuses on preventing, diagnosing, and treating common dental issues. Dental professionals who practice general dentistry are responsible for a wide range of procedures, including routine cleanings, fillings, root canal therapy, and more.

Types of Dental Professionals

There are several types of dental professionals that fall under the umbrella of general dentistry. Here are a few of the most common:

  • Dentists: General dentists are responsible for diagnosing and treating a variety of dental issues. They can perform routine cleanings, fillings, extractions, and more.
  • Dental hygienists: Hygienists work alongside dentists to provide preventative care, including cleanings, exams, and x-rays.
  • Orthodontists: Orthodontists specialize in the alignment of teeth and jaws. They can provide braces, retainers, and other orthodontic treatments.
  • Endodontists: Endodontists specialize in treating the inside of teeth, including the pulp and nerves.
  • Periodontists: Periodontists specialize in treating the gums and supporting tissues around the teeth.

Common Treatments Offered in General Dentistry

General dentistry encompasses a wide range of treatments, including:

  • Routine cleanings and exams: During a routine cleaning and exam, your dentist will examine your teeth and gums for signs of decay, gum disease, and other issues. They will also perform a thorough cleaning to remove plaque and tartar.
  • Fillings: Fillings are used to treat cavities caused by tooth decay. Your dentist will remove the decayed portion of the tooth and fill the cavity with a durable material, such as composite resin or amalgam.
  • Root canal therapy: Root canal therapy is used to treat infected or inflamed pulp inside the tooth. During the procedure, your dentist will remove the infected tissue and seal the tooth to prevent further infection.
  • Tooth extractions: Tooth extractions are sometimes necessary if a tooth is severely damaged or infected. Your dentist will remove the tooth and provide aftercare instructions to ensure proper healing.
  • Crowns and bridges: Crowns and bridges are used to restore damaged or missing teeth. A crown is a cap that covers the entire tooth, while a bridge is a prosthetic that replaces missing teeth.
  • Dentures and partials: Dentures and partials are prosthetics used to replace missing teeth. Dentures are used when all of the teeth are missing, while partials are used when only some teeth are missing.
  • Gum disease treatment: Gum disease is a common condition that can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Your dentist can provide treatment options to help reverse the effects of gum disease.
  • Teeth whitening: Teeth whitening is a cosmetic treatment used to remove stains and discoloration from the teeth. Your dentist can provide professional-grade whitening treatments that are safe and effective.
general dentistry

Importance of General Dentistry

Regular dental checkups with a general dentist are essential to maintaining good oral health. Here’s why:

  • Oral health is linked to overall health: Poor oral health has been linked to a variety of health issues, including heart disease, diabetes, and even dementia. Regular dental checkups can help detect and prevent these issues.
  • Prevention is key: Regular cleanings and exams can help detect dental issues early, when they are easier and less expensive to treat. By catching issues early, your dentist can help prevent more serious problems from developing.
  • Maintaining healthy teeth and gums: Regular cleanings and exams can help keep your teeth and gums healthy, reducing the risk of tooth decay, gum disease, and other dental issues.
  • Cost-effective: Preventative dental care is often less expensive than treating more serious dental issues. By keeping up with regular checkups and cleanings, you can avoid the need for more costly procedures in the future.

Choosing a General Dentist

Choosing a general dentist is an important decision that can impact your oral health for years to come. Here are a few things to consider when choosing a dentist:

  • Credentials and experience: Look for a dentist who is licensed and has experience treating a variety of dental issues.
  • Range of services offered: Choose a dentist who offers a wide range of services, including preventative care, restorative treatments, and cosmetic dentistry.
  • Location and hours: Choose a dentist who is conveniently located and has hours that work with your schedule.
  • Comfort level: Choose a dentist who makes you feel comfortable and addresses any concerns you may have.
general dentistry


Here are some frequently asked questions related to general dentistry:

  • What is the difference between a general dentist and a specialist? A general dentist provides a wide range of dental services, while a specialist focuses on a specific area of dentistry, such as orthodontics, endodontics, or periodontics.
  • How often should I visit the dentist? It is recommended to visit the dentist every six months for a routine cleaning and exam.
  • Are dental X-rays safe? Dental X-rays are generally considered safe, as they use a low amount of radiation. Your dentist will take precautions, such as using a lead apron, to minimize your exposure to radiation.
  • How can I prevent tooth decay and gum disease? Maintaining good oral hygiene is key to preventing tooth decay and gum disease. Brush twice a day, floss daily, eat a balanced diet, and visit the dentist regularly for cleanings and exams.
  • Is teeth whitening safe? Professional teeth whitening treatments provided by a dentist are safe and effective. However, over-the-counter whitening products may cause sensitivity or damage to the teeth if used improperly.


General dentistry plays an important role in maintaining good oral health. By visiting a general dentist regularly, you can help prevent dental issues and maintain a healthy smile. Choosing a dentist who makes you feel comfortable and offers a range of services is essential to ensuring good oral health for years to come. With the information provided in this guide, you can make informed decisions about your dental care and take steps to maintain healthy teeth and gums.

general dentistry
Dr. Michael Koumas DDS PC standing next to his logo in one of his operatories signifying he is a dentist in newburgh ny who has been serving the Hudson Valley for over 23 years

Dr. Michael Koumas, DDS PC

General and Cosmetic Dentist in Newburgh, NY.
4 Hudson Valley Professional Plaza
Newburgh, NY 12550
(845) 562-1108


With over 23 years of serving the Newburgh community, we’ve earned a reputation for providing top-quality dental care in a comfortable and welcoming environment, helping our patients achieve optimal oral health..

Whether you and your family need routine cleanings, fillings, or more complex dental procedures, my team and I are committed to providing the best possible dental care to you and yours.  After all, you’re not just our patients, you’re part of our dental family.

If you need any dental care in Newburgh, NY don’t hesitate to reach out to schedule an appointment today by calling our office at (845) 562-1108 and experience the difference that Dr. Michael Koumas, DDS PC can make in your oral health.

About Dr. Michael Koumas, DDS PC


Dr. Michael Koumas, DDS, PC, is a highly respected and experienced dentist based in Newburgh, NY, with over 23 years of dedicated service in the Hudson Valley area. His dental practice, located at 4 Hudson Valley Professional Plaza, Newburgh, NY 12550, is renowned for providing comprehensive dental care. Dr. Koumas and his skilled team offer a wide range of services, including preventive, restorative, cosmetic, periodontal, endodontics, oral surgery, prosthodontics, and emergency dental care.

The practice is known for its commitment to using state-of-the-art technology, ensuring accurate and efficient treatments. Digital x-rays and intraoral cameras are among the advanced tools used to provide the best care possible. Dr. Koumas’s approach to dental care is patient-centric, focusing on personalized treatment plans that address each patient’s unique needs and concerns.

Understanding that dental visits can be stressful for some, Dr. Koumas’s office has created a warm and welcoming environment to help patients feel at ease. The practice also emphasizes affordable dental care, offering flexible payment options and an in-office dental plan that includes diagnostic exams, routine x-rays, dental cleanings, and discounts on additional services.

The team at Dr. Koumas’s office comprises experienced dental professionals who are dedicated to providing personalized care. This commitment to excellence in dental health and patient comfort makes Dr. Koumas’s practice a trusted choice for dental care in the Newburgh, NY area.





American Dental Association (ADA) – A leading authority in the dental community, the ADA is renowned for advancing dental health, setting high professional standards, and providing valuable resources for dental professionals and the public.

World Health Organization (WHO) – As a global leader in public health, the WHO offers extensive information on a variety of health topics, including dental and oral health. They provide an abundance of data, guidelines, and research findings.

National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research – Part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, this institute is dedicated to research in oral, dental, and craniofacial health, contributing significantly to scientific understanding and advancements in these areas.

WebDMD – This platform offers comprehensive information on dental conditions, treatments, and general oral health, serving as an educational resource for both dental professionals and the general public.



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