Signs, Causes and Treatments for Dental Abrasion

Couple brushing teeth together

Dental abrasion occurs when tooth enamel wears away from an excessive external force. When enamel is lost, risk of tooth sensitivity or decay increases. So, when taking care of your teeth, you must do so gently and with care.

Types of Dental Wear

There are three types of tooth wear to be aware of. They are:

  1. Abrasion– Dental abrasion occurs when an external force wears away your tooth’s enamel.
  2. Erosion- Dental erosion occurs when acid from food or your stomach break up the enamel on the surface of your teeth.
  3. Attrition- This occurs when your teeth rub together, wearing away the actual structure of your teeth. This most commonly occurs if you grind your teeth.

Signs & Causes of Dental Abrasion

Dental abrasion occurs over time as the enamel wears away. Using a hard-bristled toothbrush, aggressively brushing, and biting your nails can all lead to dental abrasion. Over a period of time, the abrasion can cause notches in your teeth. You may notice that this area is a darker color than the rest of your tooth, this is because the enamel has worn away. Another sign of dental abrasion is tooth sensitivity. As the enamel wears away and the dentin is exposed, your teeth may become more sensitive.

Treatment for Dental Abrasion

Untreated dental abrasion may lead to cavities and tooth decay. In the beginning stages of dental abrasion, treatments to protect and cover up the exposed dentin may be possible. If part of the tooth is exposed, a veneer can be placed over the tooth to protect it.

The bad news is that once enamel wears away, it doesn’t grow back. To help prevent dental abrasion from occurring, use a soft-bristled toothbrush and a fluoride or calcium-based toothpaste to help strengthen your enamel. If you brush your teeth with too much force, bite your nails, or chew on hard objects, do your best to stop those habits. Last but not least, receive regular checkups from your dentist to make sure your teeth are happy and healthy!

If you would like to schedule a dental appointment to learn more about your tooth sensitivity, contact local dentist in Newburgh, Dr. Michael Koumas.



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